The inventor of Sewing Machines – Elias Howe
Do many people wonder who first invented the sewing machine? The answer was Elias Howe who was known to the world as the inventor of the first sewing machine. The sewing machine is a mechanical device created to facilitate humans in sewing.
Using a sewing machine, sewing becomes faster than sewing using a hand. Since the invention of sewing machines by Elias Howe, sewing machines have continued to develop until now.
Where many types of sewing machines have emerged from hand sewing machines, foot sewing machines, electric sewing machines, and multi-purpose sewing machines, there are also called special sewing machines, namely sewing machines that are used for one particular sewing job. The unique invention of sewing machines by Elias Howe was created from his dream in broad daylight.
Elias Howe was born in the City of Spencer, in the Massachusetts region of the United States on July 9, 1819. His childhood was spent by helping his father in farming.
Elias Howe had a weak physique and also often fell ill but he was famous for his strong interest in learning in the field of machinery. Therefore he was not interested in developing other knowledge through school at that time.
Having knowledge of machines, he was accepted to work in one of the textile factories in the city of Spencer at the age of 16 as an apprentice worker.
In the textile factory, his interests and talents developed rapidly besides that he also worked at a cotton machinery factory in the Lowell city of Massachusetts to improve his knowledge in the field of machinery.
From the factory, he later moved to work at a do watch factory in the city of Boston then to a scientific manufacturing factory in the city of Cambridge. The goal is that his knowledge of machines is very deep. It was in the city of Cambridge that he came to know the term Sewing Machine from his employer.
Discovery of the Sewing Machine
The idea of sewing machine Elias Howe appeared when he was watching his wife. Elias Howe thought of a device that could mimic the movements of the hands and arms when people were sewing. He kept thinking about the idea of how this could happen until Elias Howe then fell asleep and the thought of the idea of the sewing machine carried over to his dream.
In his dream, he saw himself being stabbed using a spear by a cannibal where the spearhead of the cannibal was used as an inspiration in creating the shape of the needle from his creation machine. From there, he then channeled his idea to make his sewing machine. It took five years to work hard to realize this dream.
But what happened? The first sewing machine failed because it didn’t match what he expected. because the tool eliminates human movement when sewing, the hole from the thread is at the base of the needle open on the tip of the needle as it is today.
Until then the disaster struck when his workshop burned and burned the first sewing machine created by Elias Howe. But from this incident, he did not despair.
Then in 1844, the second artificial sewing machine succeeded in making the pinhole at the needle tip as we see it today. This homemade forehead machine is able to sew 250 inches per minute. The trial was conducted by competing in sewing against five girls who sew using their hands.
War of Patent Rights over the Sewing Machine Findings of Elias Howe
When he sold his sewing machine, no one wanted to buy it in the United States because it looked quite complicated. He then patented the engine the results of his findings and then sold them to England and bought by a person named William Thomas.
In England, Elias Howe worked with Willaim Thomas but the salary he received was very minimal and he felt a lot of injustice. Until he then returned to the United States shortly after, his wife died. Since the sewing machine was invented by Elias Howe, many entrepreneurs stole the idea of a sewing machine made by Elias Howe, one of them was an entrepreneur named Isaac M. Singer.
Elias Howe then struggled to get a patent for his copyright machine and in court, he managed to get what he struggled for. Since 1867, Elias Howe received royalties on the sale of his sewing machine findings.
Until he became a millionaire from the machine and made a factory that produces sewing machines called Howe Machine Company in the city of Bridgeport. For each sewing machine he made, he set royalties of 5 dollars and 1 dollar outside the United States. Elias Howe later died on October 3, 1867, when the civil war in America occurred.
Sewing machines, the findings then continued to develop until now and are widely used by people around the world. And the world then knew Elias Howe as the Inventor of a very useful Sewing Machine.