This is the Inventor of Electric Cars and Its History
Electric cars are cars that use electric power through electric batteries as a driver. At present, the big car manufacturers have begun competing to develop electric cars that are known to be environmentally friendly. The famous electric car today is the Tesla electric car made by Tesla Motors.
But do you know who is the inventor of this electric car and what is the history of the development of electric cars to date? will explain the history of this electric car.
The first modern car was made by Karl Benz in 1885, but decades before the concept of electric cars had begun to exist.
In the 18th century, many scientists or innovators from Hungary, the Netherlands, and America began focusing on the concept of battery-powered vehicles and creating several small-scale electric cars.
Electric Car Robert Anderson
Then a British man named Robert Anderson developed a three-wheeled car that uses electric batteries as a driving force in 1832. Anderson’s findings are considered the world’s first electric car.
At the end of the 18th century in America, the electric car made by William Morrison, known as a successful chemist, debuted in 1890. The vehicle was able to accommodate up to six passengers and drove at 22 km/hour.
Over the next few years, models of vehicles that use electricity have started to appear in New York City. Even at that time, the number reached up to 60 electric taxis. Entering the 19th century, electric cars were in their prime. Over the next 10 years, the appointment of good sales began.
In the 19th century, horses were still the main transportation. But along with the growth of the American economy, people have started to switch to using vehicles such as motorcycles or cars that Henry Ford just discovered. This new vehicle uses steam, gasoline, and electricity as fuel.
Porsche P1 Electric Car
In 1898, Ferdinand Porsche created an electric car under the name P1. At the same time, he created the world’s first hybrid car that can be driven using electricity and gasoline.
One of the famous inventors at the time was Thomas Alva Edison who believed that electric cars would later become a vehicle in the future began to create batteries that could last longer and be used in commercial cars.
Electric Cars Alva Edison and Henry Ford
He even worked with Henry Ford to develop electric cars at low prices in 1914.
But the T-model car made by Henry T made the electric car less glimpsed. Model T cars that are fueled by gasoline are produced and have affordable prices at that time.
In 1912, the price of a gasoline-fueled car was 650 dollars while an electric car was sold for around 1,750 dollars. Gasoline cars are increasingly in demand when in the same year Charles Kettering introduced an electric starter on a gasoline-fueled vehicle.
The rapid increase in cars made from gasoline and the construction of highways connecting various states in America and the discovery of crude oil in Texas made Electric Vehicles finally stopped being developed in 1935.
Over the next decades, abundant gasoline fuel and increasing internal combustion system technology in vehicles have made electric vehicle technology enter the era of darkness.
Electric cars began to be glimpsed again when in 1973. Along with car manufacturers who began to develop alternative fuel vehicles such as electric cars. For example, General Motors made a prototype of an electric car which was later exhibited at the Environmental Symposium.
American Motor Company then produced electric jeeps used by the United States post office in 1975. NASA itself developed the electric vehicle they used to drive on the moon in 1971.
A few years later, precisely in 1988, General Motors, led by Roger Smith began to build electric cars in collaboration with the California AeroVironment. The result is an electric car called EV1, but the product only began in 1996 until 1999.
In 1997, a Japanese car manufacturer, Toyota introduced the Toyota Prius, which was called a mass-produced hybrid car and successfully sold up to 18,000 vehicles. In that year also many large car manufacturers issued electric cars but not released to the market.
New Era of Electric Cars By Elon Musk
In 2003, General Motor made a statement that it was no longer producing EV1 electric cars. But a few years later, Tesla Motor under the leadership of Elon Musk introduced a sports electric car called the Tesla Roadster at the International Auto Show in November in San Francisco with prices starting at 98,950 dollars.
Since then countries in the world have begun to support the use of environmentally friendly electric cars and reduce dependence on fossil fuels.
For example, Israel began to provide a place for charging electric refills for electric cars on the streets of Tel Aviv following the United States.
In the following year, 2009, the United States Department of Energy provided loans worth 8 billion dollars to Ford, Nissan and Tesla Motor for the development of environmentally friendly vehicles.
Nissan then introduced its electric car called LEAF which can run up to 114 km/hr. In that year there were many electric cars on the market.
Electric cars then began to experience rapid development following the rapid increase of technology and the support of governments in the world for environmentally friendly cars.